Child marriage by 15
Child marriage by 18
Other key stats
|Are there Girls Not Brides members?||2|
|Does this country have a national strategy or plan?||Developing|
|Is there a Girls Not Brides National Partnership or coalition?||No|
|Age of marriage without consent or exceptions taken into account||No minimum legal age of marriage (all exceptions taken into account)|
What's the prevalence rate?
47% of girls in Guinea are married before their 18th birthday and 17% are married before the age of 15.
Guinea has the ninth highest prevalence of child marriage globally.
2% of Guinean boys are married before the age of 18.
Child marriage is most prevalent in Labé (where 76% of 20-49 year old women were married before the age of 18), Moyenne Guinée (72%), Kankan and Haute Guinée (69%), Mamou (68%) and Faranah (65%).
What drives child marriage in Guinea?
Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys.
In Guinea, child marriage is exacerbated by:
Poverty: More than 50% of the Guinean population lives below the poverty line. Hundreds of thousands of refugees from Liberia and Sierra Leone have placed additional strain on its struggling economy, and the Ebola crisis in 2014 further weakened fragile public services. Within this context some girls are married off as a perceived survival tactic, especially in rural areas where rates of child marriage are more than twice as high as in urban areas.
Level of education:63% of women with no education were married before the age of 18, compared to only 26% who had completed secondary education or higher.
Harmful traditional practices: Child marriage is particularly common among the Fulani, Malinke and Susu ethnic groups and forested Guineans, where inherited traditions regarding the age at which a girl is ready for marriage are passed down between generations.
Female Genital Mutilation and Cutting (FGM/C): According to UNICEF data, 95% of Guinean women and girls have experienced FGM/C, which is linked to a desire to control female sexuality and prepare girls for marriage.
Polygamy: In Guinea, marriage is considered a formal union of two families rather than a choice between a man and woman. High status is attached to men who have multiple young brides, and, according to 2017 MICS data, more than 35% of Guinean girls aged 15-19 are in polygamous unions.
Religion: Both Islam and Christianity are considered to justify narratives of patriarchal sexual dominance in Guinea, which can disempower girls and limit their role to that of a wife and mother.
Pre-marital sex: Marriage often happens soon after a girl reaches puberty in an attempt by families to control girls’ sexuality and prevent pregnancy outside marriage.
Adolescent pregnancy: 37% of women in Guinea aged 20-24 years had their first child before the age of 18.
What international, regional and national commitments has Guinea made?
Guinea has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. Guinea reported progress made to address child marriage in its 2018 Voluntary National Review at the High Level Political Forum, the mechanism by which countries report progress in implementing the Sustainable Development Goals.
Guinea co-sponsored the following Human Rights Council resolutions: the 2013 procedural resolution on child, early and forced marriage, and the 2017 resolution on recognising the need to address child, early and forced marriage in humanitarian contexts. In 2014, Guinea also signed a joint statement at the Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.
Guinea co-sponsored the 2013, 2014 and 2018 UN General Assembly resolutions on child, early and forced marriage.
Guinea acceded to the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1982, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.
In 2019, the UN Child Rights Committee expressed concerns about the prevalence of child marriage in Guinea, the impunity of perpetrators and the insufficient protection schemes available to children. The Committee urged the country to take active measures to put an end to child marriage.
During its 2015 Universal Periodic Review, Guinea agreed to examine recommendations to conduct educational and advocacy campaigns to enforce existing legislation on child marriage, and to take preventative actions to protect girls in rural areas from being married off.
In 2017 Guinea became the 21st country to launch the African Union Campaign to End Child Marriage in Africa.
In 1999 Guinea ratified the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, including Article 21 regarding the prohibition of child marriage.
In 2012 Guinea ratified the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, including Article 6 which sets the minimum age for marriage as 18.
As a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), in 2017 Guinea adopted the Strategic Framework for Strengthening National Child Protection Systems under which protecting children from marriage is a priority. In June 2019, the ECOWAS Heads of State endorsed the ECOWAS Child Policy and Strategic Action Plan and the 2019-2030 Roadmap on prevention and response to child marriage.
In addition, in July 2019, the ECOWAS First Ladies signed “The Niamey Declaration: Call to End Child Marriage and to promote the Education and empowerment of Girls”, calling Member States to initiate legislative, institutional and budgetary reforms to implement the Roadmap.
At the London Girl Summit in July 2014, the government signed a charter committing to end child marriage by 2020.
Guinea is a partner country of the Global Partnership for Education (GPE).
What is the government doing to address child marriage?
In January 2017, 106 communities publicly declared the abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation and Cutting (FGM/C) and child marriage. The declaration was hosted by the Minister of Social Action, Gender and Children, the Government of the Administrative Region of Faranah and other local authorities.
Guinea’s Minister for Social Action, the Promotion of Women and Children moderated a session on the role of multi-stakeholder dialogues in defining a common vision of ending child marriage in West and Central Africa at the 2017 High Level Meeting on Ending Child Marriage.
The Young Girl Leaders’ Club of Guinea holds regular debates and campaigns to teach girls about what marriage entails.
Any hyperlinks to this?
It was already in the profile, I wasn't able to find any reference
What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?
According to the Guinean Children’s Code 2008 the minimum legal age of marriage is 18 years. However the President of Guinea by request of the Minister of Justice may allow individuals to marry before 18 years for “serious reasons” and with parental consent.
We have 2 members in Guinea
Content featuring Guinea
Child marriage in West & Central Africa
This brief provides an overview of child marriage in West and Central Africa and includes recommendations on how to address it.
Vows of poverty. 26 countries where child marriage eclipses girls' education
CARE ranks the 26 countries where girls are more likely to be married before the age of 18 than enrolled in secondary school.
Ending sex discrimination in the law
Looks at sex discriminatory laws around the world, including minimum age of marriage, domestic violence & rape laws, and provides contact information for those who wish to act
Mapping child marriage in West Africa
The report looks at the causes of early marriage across the region and highlights some of the best practices and lessons learned from those working to end early marriage in…
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- Bransky, Enoch and Long, Child Marriage in Sierra Leone and Guinea: Cultural Roots and Girl Centred Solutions, 2017, https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/1770d8_a9bc1ddb4c8a4c1c8c72b41626002932.pdf (accessed February 2020).
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