Child marriage by 15
Child marriage by 18
Other key stats
|Are there Girls Not Brides members?||No|
|Does this country have a national strategy or plan?||Developing|
|Is there a Girls Not Brides National Partnership or coalition?||No|
|Age of marriage without consent or exceptions taken into account||No minimum legal age of marriage (all exceptions taken into account)|
What's the prevalence rate?
What drives child marriage in Comoros?
Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys.
There is very limited information on child marriage in Comoros.
What international, regional and national commitments has Comoros made?
Comoros has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.
Comoros co-sponsored the 2018 UN General Assembly resolutions on child, early and forced marriage. In 2014, Comoros signed a joint statement at the Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.
Comoros ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1993, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1994, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.
In 2004 Comoros ratified the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, including Article 21 regarding the prohibition of child marriage. In 2004 Comoros ratified the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, including Article 6 which sets the minimum age for marriage as 18.
During its 2012 review, the CEDAW Committee raised concerns about gender norms in Comoros which limit the role of women and girls to wives, daughters, sisters and nieces. It noted that such negative stereotypes prevent women from enjoying their rights, and expressed concern about the persistence of entrenched harmful practices, including child marriage.
During its 2014 Universal Periodic Review, Comoros supported recommendations to reform women’s rights, particularly in relation to forced and underage marriage. During its 2019 Universal Periodic Review, Comoros supported recommendations to strengthen measures aimed at addressing violence against women and girls and harmful traditional practices, in particular child, early and forced marriages.
Comoros is a partner country of the Global Partnership for Education (GPE).
What is the government doing to address child marriage?
In 2017, UNICEF contributed to the development of an action plan on child marriage, budget included, however there is no information on the launch of this action plan.
What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?
According to the Family Code 2005, 18 years is the legal minimum age of marriage. However, they can marry before the age of 18 with judicial consent.
- African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child,[website], 2018, https://www.achpr.org/legalinstruments/detail?id=46 (accessed January 2020).
- African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, [website], 2018, https://au.int/en/treaties/protocol-african-charter-human-and-peoples-rights-rights-women-africa (accessed January 2020).
- Direction Générale de la Statistique et de la Prospective et ICF International, Enquête Démographique et de Santé et à Indicateurs Multiples aux Comores 2012, 2014, https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/FR278/FR278.pdf (accessed January 2020).
- Gastón, C. M., et al., Child marriage among boys: a global overview of available data, Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 14:3, p. 219-228, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1080/17450128.2019.1566584 (accessed January 2020).
- Global Partnership for Education, Comoros, [website], https://www.globalpartnership.org/where-we-work/comoros (accessed February 2020).
- Human Rights Council, Universal periodic review, Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review. Comoros, A/HRC/41/12, 2019, p. 18-20, https://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/KMIndex.aspx (accessed January 2020).
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Joint statement on child, early and forced marriage, HRC 27, Agenda Item 3, [website], 2014, http://fngeneve.um.dk/en/aboutus/statements/newsdisplaypage/?newsid=6371ad93-8fb0-4c35-b186-820fa996d379 (accessed January 2020).
- UN General Assembly, Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review, Comoros, 2014, p.16, https://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/KMindex.aspx (accessed January 2020).
- UN CEDAW, Concluding observations on the initial to fourth periodic reports of Comoros, adopted by the Committee at its fifty-third session, 1-19 October 2012, 2012, p.5, http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CEDAW/C/COM/CO/1-4&Lang=En (accessed January 2020).
- UNICEF, Annual Report 2017 Comoros, 2018, https://www.unicef.org/about/annualreport/files/Comoros_2017__COAR.pdf (accessed February 2020).
- UNICEF DATA, Comoros, [website], https://data.unicef.org/crvs/comoros/ (accessed February 2020).
- United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg5 (accessed January 2020).