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Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

There is no publicly available government data on child marriage in Venezuela.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys.

There is very limited information on child marriage in Venezuela.

What has this country committed to?

Venezuela has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. The government did not provide an update on progress towards this target during its Voluntary National Review at the 2016 High Level Political Forum.

Venezuela co-sponsored the 2013 and 2014 UN General Assembly resolutions on child, early and forced marriage, and the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage.

Venezuela ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1983, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

During its 2014 review, the CEDAW Committee recommended that the government raise the legal age of marriage to 18 years for both girls and boys.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

Amendments in 2014 to Article 46 of the Civil Code 1982 raised the minimum age of marriage from 14 for girls to 16 years with parental consent.

Source

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Joint statement on child, early and forced marriage, HRC 27, Agenda Item 3, [website], 2014,
http://fngeneve.um.dk/en/aboutus/statements/newsdisplaypage/?newsid=6371ad93-8fb0-4c35-b186-820fa996d379 (accessed April 2018)

UN CEDAW, Concluding observations on the combined seventh and eighth periodic reports of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, 2014, p.11, http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CEDAW/C/VEN/CO/7-8&Lang=En (accessed May 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg5 (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)