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Peru

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
3%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
22%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

Photo credit: Domingo Giribaldi | World Bank

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
3%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
22%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

22% of girls in Peru are married before their 18th birthday and 3% are married before the age of 15.

The lowest median ages of marriage are in the Amazonas, Apurímac, Loreto and San Martin.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys. In Peru, child marriage is also driven by:

  • Level of education: Girls with no education marry at the age of 17 on average. The younger a girl marries, the more likely it is that she will drop out of school early and thereby have a low level of educational attainment and future employment opportunities.
  • Poverty: Girls from Peru’s poorest households are more likely to marry before the age of 18 than those living in the richest households.
  • Ethnicity: Child marriage is particularly prevalent amount indigenous communities in Peru, including the Napo.

What has this country committed to?

Peru has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. The government did not provide an update on progress towards this target during its Voluntary National Review at the 2017 High Level Political Forum.

Peru co-sponsored the 2017 Human Rights Council resolution recognising the need to address child, early and forced marriage in humanitarian contexts, and the 2015 Human Rights Council resolution to end child, early and forced marriage, recognising that it is a violation of human rights.

Peru co-sponsored the 2013, 2014 and 2016 UN General Assembly resolutions on child, early and forced marriage, and the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage. In 2014, Peru signed a joint statement at the Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.

Peru ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1982, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

In 2016 the UN Child Rights Committee raised concerns that courts may grant exceptions to the minimum age for marriage if a boy or girl are 16 years of age and express their desire to marry. It urged the government to enforce the legal minimum age more effectively.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

Under the Civil Code 1999 the minimum legal age of marriage years is 18 years for girls and boys. However individuals may marry at 16 years with parental consent.

Source

Instituto Nacional Estadistica e Informatica, Peru Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES, 2014, (accessed May 2018)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Joint statement on child, early and forced marriage, HRC 27, Agenda Item 3, [website], 2014, (accessed April 2018)

UN Child Rights Committee, Concluding observations on the combined fourth and fifth periodic reports of Peru, 2016, p.6, (accessed April 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

World Bank, Basic Profile of Child Marriage in Peru, 2016, (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)