Visit our new interactive Atlas!

Mongolia

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
n/a
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
5%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
n/a
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
5%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

In Mongolia, 5% of girls are married before the age of 18.

Child marriage is most prevalent in the Central and Eastern parts of the country and among the Khalkh ethnic group.

Trends show that child marriage is reducing in Khuvsgul province.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender equality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys. There is limited information on child marriage in Mongolia, but available reports show that it is driven by:

  • Level of education: Girls with primary and lower secondary education have a lower median age at first marriage than those who have completed secondary or higher education.
  • Poverty: Girls living in Mongolia’s poorest households marry at a younger age than those living in the richest households. Child marriage is often used as a means of economics survival and security.
  • Trafficking: False child marriages, whereby girls are lured into marriages under false pretences, occur as a form of human trafficking in Mongolia.

What has this country committed to?

Mongolia has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Mongolia co-sponsored the 2013, 2014 and 2016 UN General Assembly resolutions on child, early and forced marriage.

Mongolia ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1981, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

Under the Family Law 1999 the minimum legal age of marriage is 18 years with no exceptions.

Source

National Statistics Office, Mongolia Social Indicator Sample survey 2013, Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, 2015, (accessed April 2018)

UNICEF, Khuvsgul Province Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, 2016, (accessed February 2018)

UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, Consideration of reports submitted by States parties under article 44 of the Convention, Fifth periodic reports of States parties due in 2014, Mongolia, 2016, (accessed February 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)