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Micronesia (Federated States of)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

There is no publicly available government data on child marriage in Micronesia.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys.

There is limited information on child marriage in Micronesia.

What has this country committed to?

Micronesia has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Micronesia acceded to the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1993, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 2004, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

During its 2017 review, the CEDAW Committee recommended that the government set the legal minimum age of marriage at 18 years for both girls and boys and criminalise child marriage.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

Under the Civil Code – Family and Minors 2001 the minimum legal age of marriage is 18 years. However girls can marry at 16 years with parental consent.

Source

UN CEDAW, Concluding observations on the combined initial to third periodic reports of the Federated States of Micronesia, 2017, p.14, (accessed May 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)