Visit our new interactive Atlas!

Jamaica

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
1%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
8%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
1%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
8%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

8% of girls in Jamaica are married before their 18th birthday and 1% are married before the age of 15.

Child marriage rates are consistent in both rural and urban parts of Jamaica.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys. In Jamaica, child marriage is also driven by:

What has this country committed to?

Jamaica has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. However the government did not report on progress made against target 5.3 during its 2018 Voluntary National Review at the High Level Political Forum, the mechanism through which countries report their progress on the Sustainable Development Goals.

Jamaica co-sponsored the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage.

Jamaica ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1991, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1984, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

What is the government doing to address this at the national level?

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

Under the Marriage Act 1979 the minimum legal age of marriage is 18 years. However individuals can marry at 16 years with parental consent.

Source

Statistical Institute of Jamaica, Jamaica Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, 2011, 2012, (accessed May 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)