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Honduras

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
8%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
34%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

Photo credit: ONE Drop

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
8%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
34%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

34% of girls in Honduras are married before the age of 18 and 8% are married before their 15th birthday.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys. There is very limited information on child marriage in Honduras, but available studies show that it is driven by:

What has this country committed to?

Honduras has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. The government did not provide an update on progress towards this target during its Voluntary National Review at the 2017 High Level Political Forum.

Honduras co-sponsored the 2017 Human Rights Council resolution recognising the need to address child, early and forced marriage in humanitarian contexts, and the 2015 Human Rights Council resolution to end child, early and forced marriage, recognising that it is a violation of human rights.

Honduras co-sponsored the 2014 UN General Assembly resolution on child, early and forced marriage, and the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage. In 2014, Honduras signed a joint statement at the Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.

Honduras ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1983, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

During its 2016 review, the CEDAW Committee expressed concern that provisions of Honduras’ Family Code continue enabling girls under the age of 16 to marry. It recommended that the government address the root causes of child marriage.

What is the government doing to address this at the national level?

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

In July 2017 Honduras increased the legal minimum age of marriage to 18 for both boys and girls with no exceptions. Previously, the minimum age of marriage was 16 years and allowed for exemptions if parents provided their consent.

Source

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Joint statement on child, early and forced marriage, HRC 27, Agenda Item 3, [website], 2014, (accessed April 2018)

Plan International, I’m not here just to have babies and do housework!, [website], 2017, (accessed June 2018)

Plan International, Plan International in Honduras, [website], 2018, (accessed May 2018)

Secretaría de Salud, Instituto Nacional de Estadística e ICF International, Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Demografía 2011-2012, 2013, (accessed May 2018)

Thomson Reuters Foundation, Honduras bans child marriage, no exceptions, [website], 2017, (accessed May 2018)

UN CEDAW, Concluding observations on the combined seventh and eighth periodic reports of Honduras, 2016, p.17, (accessed May 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)