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Guinea

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
21%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
52%
International Ranking*

8

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

Photo credit: Dominic Chavez | World Bank

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
21%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
52%
International Ranking*

8

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

Over half of all girls in Guinea are married before their 18th birthday and 19% are married before the age of 15.

According to UNICEF, Guinea has the eighth highest prevalence rate of child marriage in the world.

Child marriage is most prevalent in Labé (where 76% of 20-49 year old women were married before the age of 18), Moyenne Guinée (72%), Kankan and Haute Guinée (69%), Mamou (68%) and Faranah (65%).

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys. In Guinea, child marriage is also driven by:

What has this country committed to?

Guinea has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. Guinea reported progress made to address child marriage in its 2018 Voluntary National Review at the High Level Political Forum, the mechanism by which countries report progress in implementing the Sustainable Development Goals.

Guinea co-sponsored the 2017 Human Rights Council resolution recognising the need to address child, early and forced marriage in humanitarian contexts.

Guinea co-sponsored the 2013 and 2014 UN General Assembly resolutions on child, early and forced marriage, and the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage. In 2014, Guinea signed a joint statement at the Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.

Guinea acceded to the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1982, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

In 2017 Guinea became the 21st country to launch the African Union Campaign to End Child Marriage in Africa.

In 1999 Guinea ratified the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, including Article 21 regarding the prohibition of child marriage.

In 2012 Guinea ratified the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, including Article 6 which sets the minimum age for marriage as 18.

As a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Guinea has adopted the Strategic Framework for Strengthening National Child Protection Systems under which protecting children from marriage is a priority.

During its 2015 Universal Periodic Review, Guinea agreed to examine recommendations to conduct educational and advocacy campaigns to enforce existing legislation on child marriage, and to take preventative actions to protect girls in rural areas from being married off.

At the Girl Summit in July 2014, the government signed a charter committing to end child marriage by 2020.

What is the government doing to address this at the national level?

In June 2017 the Ministry of Social Action, Gender and Children announced that the government would conduct a study on child marriage, develop a five year Action Plan to end child marriage, review the National Policy on Childhood and revise the Children’s Code.

In January 2017, 106 communities publicly declared the abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation and Cutting (FGM/C) and child marriage. The declaration was hosted by the Minister of Social Action, Gender and Children, the Government of the Administrative Region of Faranah and other local authorities.

Guinea’s Minster for Social Action, the Promotion of Women and Children moderated a session on the role of multi-stakeholder dialogues in defining a common vision of ending child marriage in West and Central Africa at the 2017 High Level Meeting on Ending Child Marriage.

The Young Girl Leaders’ Club of Guinea holds regular debates and campaigns to teach girls about what marriage entails.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

According to the Guinean Children’s Code 2008 the minimum legal age of marriage is 18 years. However the President of Guinea by request of the Minister of Justice may allow individuals to marry before 18 years for “serious reasons” and with parental consent.

Source

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, [website], 2018, (accessed February 2018)

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, [website], 2018, (accessed February 2018)

African Union, Campaign to End Child Marriage in Africa: Call to Action, 2013,
(accessed February 2018)

Bransky, Enoch and Long, Child Marriage in Sierra Leone and Guinea: Cultural Roots and Girl Centred Solutions, 2017, (accessed March 2018)

Girl Summit 2014, The Girl Summit Charter on Ending FGM and Child, Early and Forced Marriage, [website], 2015, (accessed February 2018)

Global Citizen, These Teen Girls Are Stopping Child Marriages in West Africa, [website], 2017, (accessed April 2018)

High Level Meeting on Ending Child Marriage, Wednesday 25 October, [website], 2017,  (accessed April 2018)

Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Guinea: Forced marriages, including prevalence; legislation affecting forced marriages; state protection; ability of women to refuse a forced marriage, 2015, (accessed April 2018)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Joint statement on child, early and forced marriage, HRC 27, Agenda Item 3, [website], 2014,
(accessed April 2018)

RÉPUBLIQUE DE GUINEE et UNICEF, Enquête par grappes à indicateurs multiples 2016, 2017, (accessed April 2018)

UN General Assembly, Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: Guinea, 2015, p.20, (accessed April 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017,  (accessed February 2018)

World Bank, The World Bank In Guinea, Overview, [website], 2017, (accessed March 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)