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Gabon

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
6%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
22%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
6%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
22%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

22% of girls in Gabon are married before the age of 18 and 6% are married before their 15th birthday.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys.

There is very limited information on child marriage in Gabon.

What has this country committed to?

Gabon has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

In 2014, Gabon signed a joint statement at the Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.

Gabon ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1994, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1983, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

In 2007 Gabon ratified the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, including Article 21 regarding the prohibition of child marriage.

In 2011 Gabon ratified the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, including Article 6 which sets the minimum age for marriage as 18.

During its 2017 Universal Periodic Review, Gabon supported recommendations to adopt a policy aimed at ending child marriage and to finalise the Children’s Code in order to curb child marriage.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

Under the Civil Code 1995 the minimum legal age of marriage for girls in Gabon is 15 years, and 18 years for boys. However Article 203 of the Civil Code provides that the President of the Republic or the President of the Supreme Court may approve marriages below the minimum age “for serious reasons”.

Furthermore a child is defined by national law as being a child until the age of 18, which is incompatible with the legal age of 15 years for girls.

Source

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, [website], 2018, (accessed February 2018)

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, [website], 2018, (accessed February 2018)

Direction Générale de la Statistique et ICF International, Enquête Démographique et de Santé du Gabon 2012, 2013, (accessed May 2018)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Joint statement on child, early and forced marriage, HRC 27, Agenda Item 3, [website], 2014, (accessed April 2018)

UN General Assembly, Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: Gabon, 2017, p.12, (accessed May 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)