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Equatorial Guinea

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
9%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
30%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
9%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
30%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

30% of girls in Equatorial Guinea are married before their 18th birthday and 9% are married before the age of 15.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys.

There is very limited information on child marriage in Equatorial Guinea.

What has this country committed to?

Equatorial Guinea has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Equatorial Guinea co-sponsored the 2013 and 2014 UN General Assembly resolutions on child, early and forced marriage, and the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage. In 2014, Equatorial Guinea signed a joint statement at the Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.

Equatorial Guinea acceded to the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1992, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1984, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

In 2002 Equatorial Guinea ratified the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, including Article 21 regarding the prohibition of child marriage.

In 2009 Equatorial Guinea ratified the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, including Article 6 which sets the minimum age for marriage as 18.

During its 2014 Universal Periodic Review, Equatorial Guinea agreed to examine recommendations to step up efforts to fight against “heinous” traditional practices such as child marriage, and to strengthen public policies allowing for the elimination of child marriage.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

Under the Civil Code 2011 the minimum legal age of marriage is 18 years. However minors can get married at 14 years or older if a judge allows it, at the request of one of the parties getting married. In such cases both the minor and their parents/guardians must be heard on the matter.

Source

Ministerio de Sanidad y Bienestar Social, Ministerio de Economía, Planificación e Inversiones Públicas, e ICF
International, Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud, 2011, (accessed May 2018)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Joint statement on child, early and forced marriage, HRC 27, Agenda Item 3, [website], 2014, (accessed April 2018)

UN General Assembly, Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review, Equatorial Guinea, 2014, p.15, p.21, (accessed May 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)