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Ecuador

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
4%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
22%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

Photo credit: Jamie Martin | World Bank

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
4%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
22%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

According to the most recent available data from 2004, 22% of girls in Ecuador are married before their 18th birthday and 4% are married before the age of 15.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys.

There is very limited information on child marriage in Ecuador.

What has this country committed to?

Ecuador has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. However the government did not report on progress made against target 5.3 during its 2018 Voluntary National Review at the High Level Political Forum, the mechanism through which countries report their progress on the Sustainable Development Goals.

Ecuador co-sponsored the 2013 and 2014 UN General Assembly resolutions on child, early and forced marriage, and the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage.

Ecuador ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1981, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

During its 2017 review, the UN Child Rights Committee recommended that the government adopt a comprehensive strategy to raise awareness among society and children about the minimum age of marriage set at 18 years of age.

In November 2015, UN Women, UNFPA, UNAIDS, UNICEF and the Pan America Health Organization launched a regional programme on preventing violence against women and girls in Ecuador, Guatemala and Mexico. The programme promotes changes in law to eliminate all exceptions to the minimum age of marriage.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

In 2015, the National Assembly approved a reform of the Civil Code and raised the legal minimum age from 12 for girls and 14 for boys to 18 years for both with no exceptions.

Source

CEPAR and Centers for Disease Control, Ecuador – Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Materna e Infantil 2004, 2005,(accessed May 2018)

UN Child Rights Committee, Concluding observations on the combined fifth and sixth periodic reports of Ecuador, 2017, p.10, (accessed May 2018)

UN Women Americas and the Caribbean, UN launches regional flagship programme to eradicate child marriage, [website], 2015 (accessed May 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)