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Cuba

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
5%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
26%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
5%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
26%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

26% of girls in Cuba are married before their 18th birthday and 5% are married before the age of 15.

Child marriage is most prevalent in Oriente and Centro, where 37% of women aged 20-49 were married before the age of 18. 42% of women who were married as children were from rural parts of Cuba.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys. There is very limited information on child marriage in Cuba, but available studies show that it is largely driven by:

Level of education: 62% of women with primary education or lower were married before the age of 18, compared to only 18% who held higher education.

What has this country committed to?

Cuba has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Cuba co-sponsored the 2013 and 2014 UN General Assembly resolutions on child, early and forced marriage, and the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage.

Cuba ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1991, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1980, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

During its 2013 review, the CEDAW Committee raised concerns that special authorisation is sometimes given for girls to marry at the age of 14.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

According to the Family Code 1977 the minimum legal age of marriage is 18 years for girls and boys. However girls can marry at 14 years and boys can marry at 16 years with parental consent or in more serious cases may require the consent of the court.

Source

Médicos y Estadísticas de Salud y Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia, Cuba Encuesta de Indicadores Múltiples por Conglomerados 2014, 2015, (accessed May 2018)

UN CEDAW, Concluding observations on the combined seventh and eighth periodic reports of Cuba, 2013, p.10, (accessed May 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)