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Comoros

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
10%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
32%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
10%
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
32%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

32% of girls in Comoros are married before their 18th birthday and 10% are married before the age of 15.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys.

There is very limited information on child marriage in Comoros.

What has this country committed to?

Comoros has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

In 2014, Comoros signed a joint statement at the Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.

Comoros ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1993, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1994, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

In 2004 Comoros ratified the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, including Article 21 regarding the prohibition of child marriage.

In 2004 Comoros ratified the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, including Article 6 which sets the minimum age for marriage as 18.

During its 2014 Universal Periodic Review, Comoros supported recommendations to reform women’s rights, particularly in relation to forced and underage marriage.

During its 2012 review, the CEDAW Committee raised concerns about gender norms in Comoros which limit the role of women and girls to wives, daughters, sisters and nieces. It noted that such negative stereotypes prevent women from enjoying their rights, and expressed concern about the persistence of entrenched harmful practices, including child marriage.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

According to the Family Code 2005, 18 years is the legal minimum age of marriage. However, they can marry before the age of 18 with judicial consent.

Source

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, [website], 2018, (accessed February 2018)

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, [website], 2018, (accessed February 2018)

Direction Générale de la Statistique et de la Prospective et ICF International, Enquête Démographique et de Santé et à Indicateurs Multiples aux Comores 2012, 2014, accessed May 2018)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Joint statement on child, early and forced marriage, HRC 27, Agenda Item 3, [website], 2014, (accessed April 2018)

UN CEDAW, Concluding observations on the initial to fourth periodic reports of Comoros, adopted by the Committee at its fifty-third session, 1-19 October 2012, 2012, p.5, (accessed May 2018)

UN General Assembly, Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review, Comoros, 2014, p.16, (accessed May 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)