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Belarus

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
n/a
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
3%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
n/a
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
3%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

3% of girls in Belarus are married before their 18th birthday.

Rates of child marriage are highest in Gomel (where 9% of women aged 20-49 were married before the age of 18), Mogilev (8%) and Minsk (7%).

Child marriage in Belarus is twice more prevalent in rural areas than in urban areas.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys. There is very limited information on child marriage in Belarus, but available studies show that it is driven by:

What has this country committed to?

Belarus has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Belarus ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1981, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

Under the Civil Code of the Republic of Belarus 1999 the minimum age of marriage is 18 years. However, in “exceptional cases” of pregnancy, delivery of a child or cases of acquiring full legal capacity before reaching majority, the body registering acts of civil status may lower the age of marriage by up to three years.

Source

National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus and UNICEF, Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2012, 2012, (accessed March 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website] , 2017, accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)