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Argentina

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
n/a
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
n/a

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
n/a
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
n/a

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

Argentina does not have publicly available government data on child marriage.

According to a 2016 study by Fundación para Estudio e Investigación de la Mujer (FEIM), more than 340,000 adolescents aged between 14 and 19 years are either married or in a union in Argentina. The number of adolescents in such marriages or unions has been rising since the 1990s.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys. There is very limited information on child marriage in Argentina, but available studies suggest that it is driven by:

  • Unmet sexual and reproductive health needs for adolescents: Argentina’s 2006 Law of Comprehensive Sexual Education has not yet been fully implemented in schools. A 2016 FEIM report recommends improving sexual education to help adolescents to understand their rights and make more informed choices about entering into relationships and marriages in a healthy way.
  • Gender norms: Although there are no studies on whether violence against girls drives child marriage, a 2016 study shows that girls and teenage mothers typically have low self-esteem and lack the necessary resources to oppose physical, sexual or psychological violence within marriages. According to the Office of Domestic Violence of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation, 197 cases of violence by a partner towards 15-19 year olds have been reported since 2009.

What has this country committed to?

Argentina has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. The government did not provide an update on progress towards this target during its Voluntary National Review at the 2017 High Level Political Forum.

Argentina co-sponsored the 2017 Human Rights Council resolution recognising the need to address child, early and forced marriage in humanitarian contexts, and the 2015 Human Rights Council resolution to end child, early and forced marriage, recognising that it is a violation of human rights.

Argentina co-sponsored the 2013, 2014 and 2016 UN General Assembly resolutions on child, early and forced marriage, and the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage. In 2014, Argentina signed a joint statement at the Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.

Argentina ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1985, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

In 2017 the CEDAW Committee recommended that Argentina collect data on child marriage and define clear criteria for assessing applications for the judicial authorisation of such marriages.

In 2008 the UN Child Rights Committee recommended a review of legislation to ensure the equal minimum age of marriage between girls and boys in Argentina.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

There is no minimum age of marriage in Argentina.

Under the New Civil Code and Commerce of the Nation 2015, parties under 16 years can be married but only with judicial dispensation. If the parties are aged between 16-18 they can they can get married with the permission of their legal representatives.

Source

Child Rights International Network, Argentina: Child Rights References in the Universal Periodic Review, [website], 2011, (accessed March 2018)

FEIM, Situación del matrimonio o convivencia infantil en Argentina, 2016, (accessed March 2018)

Human Rights Watch, Time to Get Serious about Child Marriage in Latin America, [website], 2017, (accessed March 2018)

UN General Assembly, Compilation on Argentina Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2017, p.6, (accessed March 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)