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Algeria

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
n/a
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
3%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 15
n/a
UNICEF 2017 % Married by 18
3%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

3% of girls in Algeria are married before their 18th birthday.

The most recent available data suggests that child marriage is decreasing in Algeria.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys.

There is very limited information on child marriage in Algeria.

The Algerian Family Code, promulgated in 1984, states that girls and women must seek permission for marriage from a father or close relative. It also allows polygamy and states that marriage contracted without payment of a dowry shall be declared void. This reinforces beliefs that women and girls are ‘property’ and are inferior to men.

What has this country committed to?

Algeria has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Algeria co-sponsored the 2014 UN General Assembly resolution on child, early and forced marriage, and the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage. In 2014, Algeria signed a joint statement at the Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.

Algeria ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1993, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1996, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

In 2003 Algeria ratified the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, including Article 21 regarding the prohibition of child marriage.

In 2003 Algeria signed, but has not yet ratified, the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, including Article 6 which sets the minimum age for marriage as 18.

In 2012 the CEDAW Committee raised concerns that rural women in Algeria are affected by child marriage. It recommended that the government implement awareness-raising campaigns to tackle this.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

Under the Family Code 2005, men and women can marry at 19 years old. However legal loopholes, judicial and parental exceptions mean that there is no specified minimum age of marriage in Algeria.

Source

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, [website], 2018, (accessed February 2018)

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, [website], 2018, (accessed February 2018)

Human Rights Watch, Algeria Events of 2017, 2018, (accessed February 2018)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Joint statement on child, early and forced marriage, HRC 27, Agenda Item 3, [website], 2014, (accessed April 2018)

République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire, Enquête par Grappes à Indicateurs Multiples (MICS) 2012 – 2013, 2015, (accessed February 2018)

UNICEF, Algeria MENA Gender Equality Profile, 2011, (accessed February 2018)

UN CEDAW, Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 2012, p.11, (accessed April 2018)

UN CEDAW, Initial reports of States parties, Algeria, 1998, (accessed February 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old (UNICEF State of the World’s Children, 2017)