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National survey on the drivers and consequences of child marriage in Tanzania

Summary

This study sought to collect context-specific evidence from 10 regions to help design tailored programmes to end child marriage in Tanzania. It analyses the causes and consequences of child marriage across the country – including the differences between regions – and it explores stakeholders’ perceptions and attitudes towards the practice.

The study identifies several drivers of child marriage in Tanzania, including: gender inequality, social norms related to marriage, adolescent pregnancy, poverty, agency and choice, and weak legal and policy frameworks. The consequences are dire and include: higher maternal and infant mortality, sexually transmitted infections, gender-based violence and dropping out of school.

The study was commissioned by the Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children, and was supported by the Children’s Dignity Forum (CDF), FORWARD, Plan International, UNFPA and REPOA. The data was collected through a quantitative survey, key informants interviews and focus group discussions.