Child marriage around the world:

Viet Nam

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2016 % Married by 15
1%
UNICEF 2016 % Married by 18
11%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old.

* According to UNICEF’s State of the World’s Children 2016.

Photo credit: Plan International

Child marriage rates
UNICEF 2016 % Married by 15
1%
UNICEF 2016 % Married by 18
11%

* References

* Child marriage prevalence is the percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old.

* According to UNICEF’s State of the World’s Children 2016.

About 11% of girls in Viet Nam are married before the age of 18.[1] According to UNICEF, the practice is on the rise, with rates increasing from 5.4% in 2006 to 10.3% in 2014.[2]

Child marriage varies across regions and ethnic groups, with some groups experiencing rates as high as 70%.[3]

Drivers

Poverty is a key driver of child marriage in Viet Nam, particularly in ethnic minority communities in rural areas. Gender inequality also drives the practice. In addition, child bride kidnapping has been reported in Viet Nam.

Legal age

The Law on Marriage and Family in Viet Nam sets the minimum legal age for marriage at 18 for women and 20 for men. However, exceptions can be made with the consent of a parent or a judge.

Action to address child marriage

In 2015, the Prime Minister of Viet Nam approved the “Reduction of Early and Inter-Family Marriage in Ethnic Minorities in the Period 2015-2025” project. The project aims to “prevent and reduce early and inter-family marriage in ethnic minority areas.”

In October 2016, government and UN agencies held a National Conference on Child Marriage to review gaps in policy and provide recommendations.

Sources
  • UNICEF, State of the World’s Children, 2016
  • [1] General Statistics Office and UNICEF, Viet Nam Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014, Final Report, 2015.

    [2] Girls aged 15-19 in marriage or union. UNICEF database 2016. Accessed at: http://data.unicef.org/topic/child-protection/child-marriage/

    [3] General Statistics Office and UNICEF, Viet Nam Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014, Final Report, 2015.